Improve Productivity And Motivation. How Can Feng Shui Help

Are you a business owner looking for new ideas to improve employee morale, boost creativity and productivity? Do you wonder if adding features like tennis courts and jacuzzi tubs will help?

When it comes to improving the productivity of employees there is no answer in general.Great leadership plays the most important role!Managers need to find ways to motivate their employees with what they do and say – furniture and decor is just one part of it.

After bringing in the element of ‘fun’ like ping pong tables into an office space management will find out quickly that nobody is using them. Ping Pong tables will turn out to be more of a monument to what the business is trying to portrait.It is a fact that by encouraging pool tournaments it is not going to help any business achieving increases in revenue.

Many companies have asked me if re-designing an office in a way that it is more un-conventional will improve results. Managers now believe that productivity will be increased when adding entertainment zones. Wrong! Clearly by just taking this approach, the philosophy again is introduced that ‘one office idea fits all’.

For instance, just recently we designed a sales department in Dallas, Texas according to the principles of Feng Shui for offices. After we did the complete Feng Shui Consultation based on the Sitting and the Facing of the space we learned which Feng Shui colors and materials to introduce, and even more important what we need to avoid, to create an environment conducive to success.We stayed in close contact with each individual top producer of the company based on this range of energy enhancing aspects.Management personally involved each one of the Top Ten Sales People which created a high level of excitement which is rarely experienced. Learning from these top producers how they felt about their soon to be created work space taught us that the ‘one fits all approach’ is not the way to go. If you want to create a productive environment, it is far more important to involve each individual employee asking for input and ideas – creating a sense of ‘ownership’ for results.When consulting with a Feng Shui Professional you are not just hiring an interior designer to turn an office space into a game park – yet interior design layouts based on Feng Shui definetely works!

The spaces we created were so individual in out-come based on Feng Shui and the individual employee an outcome you will never achieve by just adding ping pong tables in order to appear “hip”.

How to find books on EU, Family and Housing Law

A number of aspirants out there want to make their career in Law. For this, they need right study materials if they really want to make their career bright in this field. They refer to various books and try to gain knowledge from different resources. The books are on different topics and one of them is Housing Law. Not only students but also some professionals prefer to make use of such books to solve any query or gain some additional information. Some best professionals write such books. The content in such books is properly checked and edited.

EU Law is another topic, on which many books are made. The study material is made in such a way that even the complex topic is easy to understand. Each of the topics is elaborated in a nice way. Students who choose specialized courses in this field also prefer these educational resources. These are sure to help them during their exams too. All this will give them a best way to learn about new things and practice about the already known things.

Various topics such as criminal and Family Law are covered in a perfect way. Such a material is best to be used by students, academic faculty, as well as legal practitioners. Some topics related with employment, rights, safety in the workplace, equality, termination of employment, as well as important procedural subjects are elaborated in detail, all this is quite useful for the students. All the theories and principles are covered in a perfect way. These books contain some sections in which there are some unsolved sections, it is just for those who want to build their skills and need more type of practice about some particular topic.

It is considered as good resource for both the people who are either studying or preparing for higher studies. A number of publishing houses are present in the market that ensures that they provide the student with some extensive choice in reference materials. Some do have made their own site. Check you can easily check the site to know more about them. While purchasing any of the books, first of all you need to do a good research about its content and author and after determining the entire details you can go for the final purchase. It is goof if you place your order online because this will help you to get the book even by sitting at home.

Garden Furniture Where to get them cheap

Designing a home is not an easy task, especially now since all the materials needed to have good homes have become so expensive. But there are still many places you can look out for to get cheap Garden Furniture.

How to redecorate your garden?

If you want to landscape your garden or your patio, one of the sanest decisions would be to hire a professional who would be able to help you in changing your dreams into reality. These people are experts in their field and would help to get you good Patio furniture at a very cheap rate.

What type of furniture can you use to decorate?

There are many kinds of furniture you can use. Most popular ones are those which are made of teak. This is because teak is one of the cheapest forms of wood and is used extensively in making teak garden benches which are also used in many public parks and communities. Teak is also an excellent wooden material because of the fact that it is one of those woods which are not attacked by termites easily. You can also apply a coat of wood varnish to make sure. It is also a type of wood which requires almost zero maintenance.

Teak is widely acclaimed as the most durable of all hardwood so it is by default the most popular choice among people. The furniture made up of teak is comparatively expensive but the durability factor has led to an year by year increase in its demand. As more and more people are opting for teak, a lot many innovations are being done in their furniture these days. The garden furniture that is made of teak includes teak chairs, tables, armchairs, folding chairs, steamers, sun loungers and much more.

Where can you find cheap garden furniture?

Though there are many wholesalers and retailers who would be offering you top notch furniture at a very cheap price, the best place to find great deals is to check online.

Online furniture stores are not only convenient but you will also get some great discounts and deals here. You have the convenience of browsing through the choices for as long as you want and you don’t even have to haggle with the shopkeepers. What’s more, there is no wasting of gas or money. You can sit in the comfort and luxury of your own home and select all that you want!

About author:
I am the author of Picnic-benches.co.uk which is leading company deals in picnic tables,garden furniture,Teak garden benches, garden patio furniture and patio furniture.

Interviewing Your Contractor

Before you even consider calling a contractor, you need to know exactly what you want him to do. First of all, go online and see what is available in your area. You will want a contractor that is easy to reach, and if you have to leave a message, how long will it take him to return your call.

Then make a list of the projects that youll want the contractor to tackle. If the list is long, try to narrow it down to the essentials. Then pick four or five local contractors and give them a call. Ask each one similar questions so you can judge the one that seems the most honest, qualified, and reliable.

On your list write the contractors license number, workers compensation number, and bond number. Dont hire a contractor until you have those numbers in hand and contact the agency to see if his licenses are still valid or have they expired? Does the contractor have a printed contract with his name, address, phone, and license numbers?

Is the contractor qualified and has he done a job like yours before? Does he have references, and can you contact them? How long does he estimate that the job will take to complete and when can he start? Keep definite dates in mind, but allow for a bit of leeway.

Now that youve narrowed the list down to two or three, contact the contractor again and ask for an interview and a price quote. Make a note if the contractor arrives on time, or if he runs late, does he call you to let you know he is running late. If a contractor fails to do that, forget about him, and go on to the next one.

How and when does the contractor expect payment? There are laws that state how much a contractor can collect as a down payment. Make sure you know the law and hold the contractor to it. For instance the law forbids a company from taking over 10% or $1,000 as down payment.

Before you sign on that proverbial dotted line have the due dates written on the contract. For instance, the second payment may be due when they deliver the material. There may be additional payments with the final due when the project is completed to your satisfaction.

Does the contractor hire sub-contractors? If so make sure they get paid. Otherwise if the contractor does not pay the sub, they can come back to you and demand payment or put a lien on your home.

Be cautious, but not demanding, and when they start the job stay out of their way and let them do their job.

A Legal Representation For Your Real Estate Issues

The matters related to real estate business are never small in terms of importance. This includes huge transaction amounts, legal formalities & documentation processes. This is why it is somehow inevitable to not to deal with a real estate attorney. The real estate market of Las Vegas has seen a huge change in the previous years. The interest of investors has increased in this particular domain and this is why consulting a real estate attorney is essential while making any property related deal in Las Vegas.

A lawyer can make a huge difference when it comes to transactions and other proceedings. A qualified attorney can suggest you many beneficial ways to safeguard yourself against any sort of scam or trouble. They are well versed with the legal procedure and makes things smooth for the client. This is why, it is always better to have a legal representation to understand the process, documents and other important things thoroughly. It won’t take you long to realize that hiring a real estate attorney in Las Vegas was one of the wisest decision you could have made while dealing in real estate issues.

To find a good, reliable attorney you can :-

Ask for referrals – always try to contact some of your trusted friends to get a suggestion on the issue. Talk to some realtors, and take referrals from others in business. Collect as much data as you can before you proceed. Internet – these days the internet plays a great role in providing information through out the world. Take advantage if this and conduct a small research to know more about the trusted names as real estate attorney. Print media – look into magazines and newspapers to get as much as information you can get to make a list of reliable attorneys.

Once you have done this part of research on your end you will see that some names frequently appear in the list. This shows that they have a better reputation than others in the business. Check out their websites to know more about them. See if the are properly qualified and licensed to practice in the concerned domain.

Keep in mind that you are looking for :-

Experience Successful career A person to give personal attention to your work

Once you narrow down your list to four or five names, simply call them and set up an appointment for consultations to see what the lawyer can do for you in Las Vegas.

Poul Benjamin is as an experienced writer who specializes in writing articles about bankruptcy lawyer and Real Estate Attorney in Las Vegas, Nevada. If you want to know more information about Attorney and Lawyer, Please visit here: theaiellolawfirm.com

How To Hire Flooring Contractor In Orange County

Every once in a while, we feel to have a new and different feel in our home, especially when we talk about changing the floors or modifying some finishes, and other things. You may have started the search by looking for what is best for your room or what can be a different addition or finish to your existing interior design. There may be some moments where you feel a bit aloof since changing the carpeted floor into hardwood flooring may be too much of a challenge and it may entail costs too expensive to handle.

If the focus is all about changing the different floorings in many sections of your home, then you can get an assistance that can be more than worth the time and the budget. Especially when you are in Orange County, getting a group that can take care of your flooring problems and modifications can be easy. In fact, they do not just accommodate installation of wood floorings; they also take care of hardwood bamboo flooring in orange County where it can be done in full section, or select placement, according to your preferences and suggestions.

You can hire someone by using modern methods these days. This is one of the best and most effective ways to confirm that they can provide the superior kind of service fit for your home. You may Google it to see what flooring contractor sites are available. Once you have that done, you can also check to see if they have other methods of showcasing their work, such a YouTube videos, or Facebook web pages. Why would someone go for such extent in just looking for a contractor that can do bathroom flooring? This is because the more modern and updated they are, the better of you will be since they are keeping up with the demands and needs of modern day customers.

When you have that done, just go back to the website being endorsed by different YouTube videos or blogs. You can email them, call them, or even chat with them to see that they can come to your place and do an on-location estimation of the price of the job to be done. If you also need additional resources like what different options there are for wood, bamboo, kitchen and even tile flooring, then you can go to their showroom where you can see different selections of tiles, carpets, and wood finishing available.

Storytelling through Architecture

By Marina Correa Photography: Philippe Ruault; courtesy the architects

The Giraffe Childcare Centre designed by Hondelatte Laporte Architects introduces a dollop of fantasy into the routine lives of suburban Parisian townsfolk-

Niched between a towering structure, next to a neighbourhood built in the 70s and a newly constructed area, it was imperative that the healthcare centre did not -get lost’ within the urban landscape – hence the building is composed of three tiers and each is identified by a unique concrete animal sculpture.

The facades of the building are made out of white corrugated iron that provides a minimal background to the animal sculptures.

Interestingly, each of the south-facing playgrounds is in continuity with the interior spaces; while the urban landscape is animated using a child’s imagination. The wild animal sculptures appropriate a space: a giraffe appears to be peacefully eating the leaves of the trees from the neighbouring park; a polar bear tries to clamber up the steps, while a family of ladybirds climbs the faade in an attempt to reach the interior patio.

Architecture turns into storytelling. The building changes its identity and becomes a landscape in its own right; a metaphor for the urban jungle. The animals and the trees link the building to nature and motion.

Besides infusing a playful and poetic element, this building has also been awarded a green, zero energy efficiency label, making it not just aesthetically appeasing but also one that respects its environment.

Becoming a prominent landmark for the nursery, the affable animal forms transport us to a make-believe world. When pondered upon, definitely a project that goes way beyond the surface to attribute human characteristics and ethos to the emotional, functional routine of a child daycare centre.

to view images click on globalhop.indiaartndesign.com

Auction House ()

This is a continuation of the gold-making guide for Auction House. It does not matter if you did not read the last article. Starting with this one is fine as well.

Last time we have mentioned two items to be noted when making gold by Action House. Today I would like to share the rest of the steps with you. Hope you like it.

Do not charge a too high price for the same item as others’. As a matter of fact, this is like how the market works in a real world. You see, if you price high for a rare item, you can still sell it out before the expiration. However, if your product has no competitive edge, you had better refer to others’ charge and make reasonable price. You can get best wow gold eventually.

Never fool your customers. Don’t even think about it. As has been mentioned in my last article, you could earn enough money in the AH just by following the market. We like to buy one thing for what it is worth, so if you items remain for a long time, you might want to re-think about the pricing.

Here is a little secret to promote your sales, which is to “underbid” present auctions. Make the price low but acceptable for yourself, which will make your auction rank the top of AH searches. Actually, this is just like an ad technique. You would appreciate the advantages if you have tried.

Pay attention to the seasonal elements. As you know, some items can only be used or popular in certain season, such as Delicious Chocolate Cake or Small Egg during Children’s Week.

Be patient. To earn a large amount of money by an item, you may have to post it for several days on end, or post it again and again. If you find it too hard to make gold in the game, you could just buy wow gold for sale on the internet.

Run Auctioneer if any for a few weeks before the start of speculation. That would accumulate a populated database. In this way, you can own enough historical data to make wiser purchasing decisions.

Don’t put all your eggs in one basket which is too risky. Just spend your working capital on buying forty items for the auction each with the potential for profit, instead of investing them in that one purple leatherworking recipe in hopes of getting several hundred gold hence. If you can not sell out that puppy or can not sell it at the price you set, you would lose all your working money. And you would be deprived of a lot of flexibility. Leave speculating on purple items until you have enough gold.

Feng Shui And Numbers

Chinese who believe in Feng Shui are extremely superstitious about the figures they choose as their telephone number, house number, car number and the like. The categorization of some numbers as lucky and some as unlucky depends on the way they sound when spoken. For instance, in western numbers -eleven’ sounds like -heaven’ or number -eight’ sounds like -weight’ or number -one’ sounds like -son’.

Numbers considered unlucky by the Chinese: Number 4 (pronounced as Sei) is known to be a bad number because in Cantonese it sounds like the word -death’. Number 13 is unlucky because it adds up to 4. Apart from this, number 24 and 104 are also unlucky for the same reason.

Numbers considered lucky Numbers such as 108, 168, 99, 88, 84, 80, 68, 54, 48, 38, 28, 18, 8, are all good numbers. The main reason why 8 is lucky because if you pronounce the word (patt) it sounds like “faat” which denotes “prosperity and abundance”

Consequences of some lucky numbers and combinations:
289: Long-term prosperity
5: myself, me
518: I will flourish
5189: I will flourish for a very long time
516289: I will tread a long, smooth wealthy road
5918: I will prosper soon
6: smooth and easy
7: together
8: prosperity or sudden fortune

The cure If you have a house or businesses with 4 or 13, then just draw a circle around that number. The circle is tremendously powerful and captures the ill-fated effects of the negative number. There are two ways of doing it, one way is to go to the local hardware store and find a ceramic door number that can be customized with a circle. However, if you cannot afford to shelve out too much money then a simpler method is to simply go out and make a circle around the number. Also note, if you live or work at a place that has an unlucky number but is outside of China, consider how that number sounds in the native language of that particular country. How seriously should one take numbers? If you’re still looking for a house, office or car number then make sure you comply with the norms set by fengshui. However, if you already have bought one with number 4 or 13, don’t worry too much, just use the cure provided above or consider changing the number to a name like “rose cottage” -your company name- etc.

Numbers in Feng shui plays an important role, believers of fengshui always follow the number guide provided Chinese astrology . For more information on Fenghui and related topics please visit www.vaastshaastra.com

Feng Shui Training And The Home

If you have feng shui training, then you know how important it is to put these principles into practice in your home and work spaces. If you haven’t had any classes or training in feng shui but would still like to fill your home with the applied principles of it, then feng shui consultations are probably right up your alley. The great thing about feng shui consulting (as opposed to going out and taking classes on your own) is that it provides you with personalized information, direct from a professional.

Rather than learning the principles and then attempting to apply them, amateur-style, to your own home, an experienced professional can take a look at your living and working spaces and tell you how to optimize them for energy flow. They can also give you pointers on improving other aspects of your life that can be manipulated with feng shui. Does your family fight a lot in the living room? Do you have trouble focusing when working at your desk? Both of these are things that can be improved through the use of feng shui.

You can create warmth in the kitchen, romance in the bedroom, and creative, focused productivity in the office, when you room is optimized for those very things. Of course, it is up to you, as the resident of the space, to maintain these spaces in a way that continues to be supportive of this energy and function. One way to stay on top of things is to do what is sometimes known as maintenance cleaning. All this means is that you clean up as you go along, rather than waiting to do it all in one big swoop. That doesn’t mean you have to clean your house every day (who has time for that?), but it does mean cleaning up after you use or dirty any given space. In the bathroom, for example, wiping down the fixtures and counter after using the sink will keep everything spot-free and shiny. It will also make your bathroom a more welcoming place each time you walk in. That way, when it comes time for the weekend cleaning, you’ll have much less to do and won’t feel overwhelmed with how much there is to clean up.

Sometimes, bringing feng shui into a space can help the inhabitants respect the space and its meaning on a deeper level. If you do have feng shui consulting, be sure to share what you’ve learned with the entire family. Even if they don’t all believe fully in the art, they will hopefully respect your intentions regarding their home, and they will certainly appreciate how wonderful the whole house looks and feels!

Affordable Computers And Laptops In Every Home

Today computer is considered to be the most competent product as selling point of view, dictionary or Wikipedia for the students, sort of entertainment for leisure time etc. In short, its platform for every sort of things to be search and to be performed upon and that’s why it has entered to every facet of human lives. From kids to teenager and from grown-ups to older people, everyone feels the need of computer in their day to day life. But the age group which makes maximum of computer is kids to adult i.e. between age group of 9-28 years. Kids are using for gaming and entertainment purpose and for education purpose while adults use it for professional or career point of view. In short, computers and laptops have not remained luxury anymore rather it has become necessity of the life.

=> Hence parents are also looking forward to install a computer in their houses as they wants that their coming generation should not be left behind. And that is why kids are accessed to computers and laptops at very early age.Even in schools and colleges, student who is having extra ordinary knowledge of computers and its operation is proved to competent enough then other students. And that is the reason why parents are having so much eagerness for installing computer at home. Not every parent can afford such expensive computers and laptops and hence they are having option of buying used or second hand computers and laptops. The market outflow of used computers, Discount PC or refurbished computers and laptops is tremendous.

=> As soon as you decide to buy discounted PC or used computer you just need to browse down few websites and you will come across hundreds of computers and laptop which are already used or which are refurbished by dealers and retailers. Some of the B2B and B2C websites will provide you with incredible deals over the Used Computers and used LCD. Such cheap computer proves to be effective and comes with guarantee even. You just need to make sure which are the ones who provides efficient after sales service.

=> But remember buying out refurbished computers and refurbished laptops is not at all an easy task. One has to clarify and analyze every detail regarding computers and laptops. Some of the feature which needs to be always taken under consideration is size, colour, configuration warranty period and brand.

Uzumati Hughes is USA Author. He is Working in supplier and several services. He has applied his knowledge and understanding to a wide variety of Refurbished Laptops and Refurbished Computers.

Why You Should Consider Using A Property Consultant!

Property consultants work within the industry day in day out, and can provide you with detailed insights using their professional experience, and knowledge. There are numerous ways that a property consultant can be of use to you.
It is more than likely when looking for a property you will come across severable that you find suitable. Optionally you may find that your choices are limited or perhaps not in the location that you most desire. In any of these cases a property consultant will be able to help you narrow down your search or perhaps suggest alternative locations and properties that you might not have initially considered. This is where you will initially start to see the value of your chosen property consultant. They will ask you a number of in depth questions to help establish and your needs, wants and desires as well as any concerns that you may have. Questions such as number of family, pets and local schools are all common questions that help establish the type of property you may be looking for as well as the obvious one of the amount youre looking to spend. If you are a business looking for an office, a property consultant can help you find a suitable sized property in an area that is close to customers or perhaps key clients.

Once youve decided on the suitable property, they can also help you with negotiations which there will inevitably be. Allowing somebody neutral to perform the negotiations will certainly alleviate you of the high stress levels that are almost guaranteed when dealing with the kind of levels of finance involved in property. Your property consultant should be well aware of the market value of your potential purchase. The money you could save would certainly be worth the fee for their consultancy and it would also save you immeasurable levels of anxiety also.

The actual process and final purchase will also be smoother with a property consultant as they will have a plethora of contacts and will know the suitable personnel to perform a thorough job while also making the process as quick as possible.

It is quite clear that although with some research and plenty of time on your hands you could easily go without a property consultant; however with people living such busy lives these days, often working over forty hours a week, thinking you can do it yourself might actually turn out to be a false economy, not just financially but for your stress levels also.

Now Is The Time To Invest In The Brazilian Real Estate Market

Brazil property prices currently present an attractive investment opportunity for foreign investors due to a number of factors. With Brazils currency currently standing very weak against the British pound and the US dollar, investors are enjoying house price bargains that are very rarely seen in Brazil.

According to a number of currency experts the Brazil Real has weakened against the British pound and the US dollar by approximately 28% over the last 12 months (June 2011 June 2012). For instance, during the summer of 2011 foreign investors could get 1.56 Reals for each US dollar, however, in todays market, investors can expect to get two Reals per dollar.

Waseem Saddique comments: What this means in terms of house prices in Brazil is that a house that cost approximately 200,000 Reals back in 2011 would have cost $128,205 in US Dollars. In todays market the value would be around $100,000.

Based on these figures alone, the strength of the British pound compared to the Brazilian Real, means that for British investors looking to invest in Brazil property it is in fact even more affordable and therefore, a much more attractive proposition.

Although many would perceive a weakening currency to be a negative issue, from a positive perspective the declining value of the Brazilian Real means that Brazilian products are much better value for money, which has encouraged phenomenal growth across the Brazilian industry sector.

In turn, the growth of Brazilian industry increases the level of Tourism to Brazil, with tourists attracted to Brazil to buy up cheap products. What this means for the Brazilian Real Estate Market is that commercial property becomes attractive to investors.

With tourism comes the need for hotels and holiday homes and foreign investors are willing to snap up bargains on private and commercial properties and land plots in a bid to take advantage of Brazils lucrative real estate market.

In 2011 alone, Brazils Ministry of Tourism reported 5.4 million visitors to the country which is an increase of 5.3% from figures produced in 2010. On the back of this growth, a number of massive hotel chains have bought land and property across Brazil in order to cash in.

This level of investment has meant that Brazils construction industry and Housetech Development companies have also seen growth in the levels of work available to them.

Easy Source of Topics for Architecture Essay Writing Tasks

cademic architecture essay writing tasks would usually be performed by university students taking up undergraduate courses in architecture, architectural engineering, building services engineering, architectural technology, building design, other courses related to architecture and building design. The selection of engaging and good topics would be the first that the students would do if they were given the option of choosing their own topics for their architecture essays. If the students are having some difficulties in selecting particular topics for their architecture essays, an easy source where they could find good topics would be the general discussion of the discipline of architecture.

The general discussion of the discipline of architecture is arranged into several main headings with sub-headings under each main heading, and for the most part, each sub-heading would usually have smaller topics that are confined to a specific area of discussion. The student could either select a topic from the main heading or choose the specific areas of discussions that are under each sub-heading that would become the specific topic for his architecture essay.

Under the general discussion of architecture, the main headings and their respective sub-headings are: theory of architecture that includes historic written works on architecture and modern architectural concepts; history of architecture that includes ancient architecture, Asian architecture, Islamic architecture, Medieval architecture, Renaissance architecture, early modern and industrial age architectures, and contemporary architecture. In addition, some of the sub-headings are broken down into smaller areas from which he could select a specific topic.

A student performing regular or constant writing of architecture essays as part of his course requirements should take note that the essay structure of an architecture essay is similar to the basic structure of other academic essays, which consists of sections of the introduction, body and conclusion. Consequently, the student should follow the basic rules or steps in essay structuring that he studied and learned from the other essay writing tasks that he performed from his other academic subjects. The specific content in section of the essay on architecture would naturally be different compared to the specific content of other essays. But the style of writing the content for each section would be the same regardless of the specific subject area under the essay.

The university and college students who would research and write architecture essay should take note that some of the possible topics they would select for their architecture essays could also be applicable and relevant to use for their other academic essay writing tasks. For example, many of those students especially during their first year of studies could perform history essay writing tasks. Therefore, an example of history essays about the architecture related topics could include the architectural history, history of various architectural styles, architectural mythology, and the specific histories of the architectural styles of different civilisations.

Know About Iranian Architecture

Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.